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smurf
Last modified: Monday, May 18, 1998 

A type of network security breach in which a network connected to the Internet is swamped with replies to ICMP echo (PING) requests. A smurf attacker sends PING requests to an Internet broadcast address. These are special addresses that broadcast all received messages to the hosts connected to the subnet. Each broadcast address can support up to 255 hosts, so a single PING request can be multiplied 255 times. The return address of the request itself is spoofed to be the address of the attacker's victim. All the hosts receiving the PING request reply to this victim's address instead of the real sender's address. A single attacker sending hundreds or thousands of these PING messages per second can fill the victim's T-1 (or even T-3) line with ping replies, bring the entire Internet service to its knees.

Smurfing falls under the general category of Denial of Service attacks -- security attacks that don't try to steal information, but instead attempt to disable a computer or network.

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For internet.com pages about smurf . Also check out the following links!

Related Links

Smurfing cripples ISPs
Wired article (January, 1998) about smurfing attacks on ISPs. Contains some good background information on how smurfing works and links to related pages.

related categories

Internet

Security

related terms

crack

DoS attack

IP spoofing

ping

port scanning


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