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personal computer
Last modified: Friday, January 23, 2004 

A small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. In price, personal computers range anywhere from a few hundred dollars to thousands of dollars. All are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers to put an entire CPU on one chip. Businesses use personal computers for word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications. At home, the most popular use for personal computers is for playing games.

Personal computers first appeared in the late 1970s. One of the first and most popular personal computers was the Apple II, introduced in 1977 by Apple Computer. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, new models and competing operating systems seemed to appear daily. Then, in 1981, IBM entered the fray with its first personal computer, known as the IBM PC. The IBM PC quickly became the personal computer of choice, and most other personal computer manufacturers fell by the wayside. One of the few companies to survive IBM's onslaught was Apple Computer, which remains a major player in the personal computer marketplace.

Other companies adjusted to IBM's dominance by building IBM clones, computers that were internally almost the same as the IBM PC, but that cost less. Because IBM clones used the same microprocessors as IBM PCs, they were capable of running the same software. Over the years, IBM has lost much of its influence in directing the evolution of PCs. Many of its innovations, such as the MCA expansion bus and the OS/2 operating system, have not been accepted by the industry or the marketplace.

Today, the world of personal computers is basically divided between Apple Macintoshes and PCs. The principal characteristics of personal computers are that they are single-user systems and are based on microprocessors. However, although personal computers are designed as single-user systems, it is common to link them together to form a network. In terms of power, there is great variety. At the high end, the distinction between personal computers and workstations has faded. High-end models of the Macintosh and PC offer the same computing power and graphics capability as low-end workstations by Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, and DEC.

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IBM: ThinkCentre Desktops - The official site for IBM desktop computers. Features ThinkCentre models for business or personal computing.

All Service Computer Rental: Desktops - Nationwide, short and medium term, business only rentals of a full range of IBM compatible computers, servers and related peripherals.

Gateway: Desktop PC - Offers Gateway desktop computers. Includes new and refurbished Gateway PCs for home and business.


For internet.com pages about personal computer . Also check out the following links!

Related Links

PC Guide 
PC hardware reference site containing sections on systems and components, maintenance and care, and technical resources, as well as troubleshooting, repair and optimization tips and techniques.

Components of a personal computer
This page explains the components of a PC and includes a glossary of terms.

Jumbo Computer home page
Jumbo Computer is a manufacturer and worldwide exporter of computer systems and parts for corporate buyers. Their product catalog includes multimedia, personal computers, motherboards, network, memory, monitor, and hard disks products.

PC Museum
Provides personal computers historical information as well as sections on Bill Gates and the Internet.

Yahoo!'s PC user groups page
Yahoo!'s directory of PC user groups.

Yahoo!'s personal computer hardware page
Yahoo!'s directory of personal computer hardware.

Sponsored listings

HP Business Store: Desktop Computer - Purchase a desktop computer online. Also find HP Compaq notebooks and desktops, HP printers, servers, handhelds, and storage solutions.

GlobalSpec.com: Desktop Computers - Database of suppliers for desktop computers. Browse catalogs, view technical information, and contact suppliers.

eBay: Desktop Computers - Online marketplace for buying and selling desktop computers.

BizRate.com: Desktop Computers Comparison Shopping - BizRate.com offers price comparisons, consumer reviews, product features, and store ratings from over 2,000 stores across the web.

related categories

Types of Computers

related terms

Amiga

clone

computer

home computer

Macintosh computer

microcomputer

microprocessor

PC

workstation


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