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biometrics
Last modified: Thursday, August 12, 2004 

(bī´´ō-met´riks) (n.) Generally, the study of measurable biological characteristics. In computer security, biometrics refers to authentication techniques that rely on measurable physical characteristics that can be automatically checked.

There are several types of biometric identification schemes:

  • face: the analysis of facial characteristics
  • fingerprint: the analysis of an individual’s unique fingerprints
  • hand geometry: the analysis of the shape of the hand and the length of the fingers
  • retina: the analysis of the capillary vessels located at the back of the eye
  • iris: the analysis of the colored ring that surrounds the eye’s pupil
  • signature: the analysis of the way a person signs his name.
  • vein: the analysis of pattern of veins in the back if the hand and the wrist
  • voice: the analysis of the tone, pitch, cadence and frequency of a person’s voice.

Though the field is still in its infancy, many people believe that biometrics will play a critical role in future computers, and especially in electronic commerce. Personal computers of the future might include a fingerprint scanner where you could place your index finger. The computer would analyze your fingerprint to determine who you are and, based on your identity, authorize you different levels of access. Access levels could include the ability to use credit card information to make electronic purchases.

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Qqest Software Systems: Biometrics Attendance Systems - Provider of employee management systems, specializing in attendance products including the IQ600 Biometric Timeclock that uses fingertip scanning.


For internet.com pages about biometrics . Also check out the following links!

Related Links

Biometric Consortium 
Extensive collection of information pertaining to the research, development, testing, evaulation, and application of biometric-based personal identification/verification technology. The Biometric Consortium serves as the U.S. Government's focal point for this technology.

Biometrics in the Digital Realm 
A November 2001 article from eCommerce Guide.

DRM Watch 
Analysis of digital rights management technology.

Biometric Payment Companies Claim to Have the Touch
Biometric payments that use finger scans for check cashing and credit and debit purchases are gaining traction, but it remains to be seen how they will hold up to contactless payments backed by the biggest names in the credit card industry.

Biometrics Catalog
A U.S. Government-sponsored database of information about biometric technologies including research and evaluation reports, news articles, vendors and consultants, government documents and legislative text.

Connecticut's Biometric Identification Project
Describes the state of Connecticut's Digital Imaging Project and contains numerous links to biometric publications, related Web sites, tutorials, associations, and vendors.

I/O Software, Inc.
Home page of I/O Software, Inc., designers and developers of biometric and smart card driven software. In addition to company and product information, the site hosts a collection of information related to biometrics, including overviews and the Biometric API (BAPI).

Inside ID Home Page
News and information for identity management specialists.

Sponsored listings

GHG: Biometrics Systems - Offers a time and attendance terminal that utilizes fingerprint recognition technology to automate your time and attendance collection.

KnowledgeStorm: Biometrics Systems - Business technology search site offering software, service, reseller and hardware information on thousands of IT solutions.

ADP: Time & Attendance Systems - Improve Speed & Accuracy of Employee Time Collection While Increasing Control Over Payroll and HR Expenses. Save Up to 46%. Download Free Whitepaper.

Celayix: Web, Phone, Time Clocks and Biometric Systems - Employee scheduling, web self-service, time clocks, biometric readers, telephone and web based attendance solutions for small and large enterprises.

Hoover's: Pacific Biometrics, Inc. Company Research - Find information on Pacific Biometrics, Inc. with operations and products, financials, officers, competitors and more at Hoover's.

related categories

Biometrics

Digital Rights Management (DRM)

Electronic Commerce

Security

related terms

AIDC

authentication

biometric engine

capture

comparison

electronic commerce

enrollment

extraction

false acceptance

false rejection

identification

matching

MEMS

reference template

security

UDDI

verification


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